Unlocking the Benefits of BRADFORD Scoring System for Efficient HR Management



The Bradford factor scoring system is one of the most commonly used methods by HR departments to identify and track employee absenteeism patterns. This system involves calculating an individual’s score based on the number of instances of absence and the length of each absence. In this article, we will discuss the Bradford scoring system, its importance in HR management, and how it can be used to increase workforce productivity.

What is the Bradford Scoring System?

The Bradford scoring system is a method developed in the 1980s by the Bradford University School of Management. This system is an algorithm designed to calculate the impact of employee absences on productivity using a simple formula. The formula takes into consideration the frequency of absence and the duration of each absence to generate a score for each employee.

How is it Calculated?

The Bradford factor score is calculated by multiplying the number of instances of absence by the number of days of absence squared. For example, if an employee has had three instances of absence, each lasting two days, then their Bradford score would be calculated as follows:

3 x 2 x 2 = 12

This score is then compared against a predetermined threshold score set by the HR department. If an employee’s score exceeds this threshold, then they are deemed to have a higher than acceptable level of absenteeism and may be subject to disciplinary action.

Why is Bradford Scoring System Important in HR Management?

The Bradford scoring system is important in HR management for several reasons. First, it allows employers to easily identify employees who have a high rate of absenteeism. This helps employers to address the issue before it becomes a major problem affecting productivity and the overall workplace environment. Additionally, the Bradford factor score is objective and unbiased, allowing HR departments to make informed decisions based on concrete data rather than subjective assessments.

How Can It Be Used to Increase Workforce Productivity?

By implementing the Bradford scoring system, HR departments can identify employees who have a high rate of absenteeism and take steps to address the underlying issues. This could include providing additional support for employees who are experiencing personal or health-related issues, implementing flexible working arrangements, or providing training and development opportunities to help employees feel more engaged and motivated.

Additionally, the Bradford factor score can be used as a tool to motivate employees to improve their attendance. By setting clear targets and thresholds for acceptable levels of absenteeism and providing regular feedback to employees on their progress towards these targets, employers can encourage staff to take responsibility for their attendance and work towards a positive score.


Absenteeism is a major issue for many organizations, costing companies significant amounts of money in lost productivity and increased workload for remaining employees. The Bradford scoring system is an effective tool that HR departments can use to identify and address the root causes of absenteeism, helping to create a more productive and engaged workforce. By implementing this scoring system and using it as a tool to motivate staff, employers can foster a culture of responsibility and accountability, leading to improved attendance, morale and productivity.

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